Rockology 101

Welcome to class! This is a place for students of all ages to learn about Rogers Group operations and products or just have a little fun!

Rockology 101: Learning
Bet You Didn't Know
How Aggregates Are Made
How Aggregates Are Transported
How Aggregates Impact Your Life
Why Quarries Are Good Neighbors
The Mining Process
The Open Road
Sand, It's Not Just For Beaches
Farmers Like a Twist of Aglime
Modern Life and The Rock
Properties of Rocks
Rockology 101: Fun Facts
Rockology 101: Activities

The Open Road, Courtesy of Asphalt

Asphalt Roads and Highways Transportation is America's way of life. There are approximately 4 million miles or roads, streets and highways across the United States, tying it all together in a big transportation network. Asphalt layers cover the roads and parking lots, but what is asphalt really?

It is a product of petroleum. It is a solid substance found on the surface of the earth and occurs in natural deposits in lakes and rocks. Asphalt is thermoplastic, meaning that it softens and liquefies when heated and becomes solid again when cooled.

Known uses for asphalt go as far back as six thousand years. Archaeologists have established that asphalt is one of the oldest adhesives known to man. It was used to make bathing pools, reservoirs, and canals watertight.

Asphalt was used in Mesopotamia (now known as Iraq). Bricks for the great wall of Babylon were joined with asphalt. Joints of ships were sealed with asphalt. The Bible story of Noah's ark claims that Noah used pitch, another name for asphalt, to waterproof the joints in the ark. Asphalt was even used in Egypt to embalm mummies.
The advent of the automobile required hard road surfaces. After 1918, when the number of cars and trucks began to increase rapidly, asphalt was taken from asphalt pits and used for road surfaces. However, most of the asphalt used today is made from crude oil.

Asphalt Paving and Road Construction Crew At Work Surfaces of 90% of all paved roads in the U.S. are asphalt because asphalt is economical and durable, can be constructed and repaired quickly, and provides riding comfort. Asphalt cement for roads is a mixture of asphalt and crushed stone, gravel, or sand. Asphalt is also used in varnishes, lacquers, and inks, waterproofing and insulation materials, floor tiles and it is used to line storage ponds, dams, and irrigation canals.

Source: The National Energy Foundation, from the Out of The Rock program.  Iif you would like addtional educational information and materials, stop by and see them at or call them at 801-539-1406